Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily Christian (began ca. A.D. 30) Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Christianity spread without political support until Emperor Constantine   established tolerance of it in A.D. 313 with the Edict of Milan. Arts Early Christians commissioned frescoes for underground burial chambers and sculptures for their sarcophagi. Early on, Jesus was represented in the same way Pythagoras and Orpheus had been depicted, as the Good Shepherd, and young beardless shepherd herding his sheep. Literature and Education The Christian Bible, also known as the New Testament, which consists of the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, the letters of St. Paul, and the Revelation of John of Patmos. The Nag Hammadi gospels, found in Egypt in 1945, seem to have been written by a group of Gnostic Christians who were not fully in alignment with the Roman church. They do, however, shed more light on the the early followers of Jesus and the Jerusalem church that existed prior to the Jewish War. Music, Science, and Mathematics Adopted the practice of hymn singing from the Jews; this was particularly the case in the Antioch church, from which hymn singing spread across the ancient world. Government, Law,  and Medicine Adopted the 10 Commandments. Philosophy/Religion An offshoot of Judaism, which adheres to the belief that Jesus the Nazarine (probably an Essene), who was crucified by the Romans in approximately A.D. 30, was the Messianic leader predicted by the Jews and that he resurrected after his death as proof of his special role as savior of his people. Early church writers Tertullian and Origen were puritanical in their approach to this early faith, but Origen brought Christian thought into alignment with Platonism and Stoicism; his works were later declared heretical. Very early on, the church as it was developing became antithetical to Greco-Roman classicism and humanism.