Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily  Late Roman (A.D. 284-Fall of Rome in 476) Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Arts Imperial art expressed symbolic realism. Early Christian art was symbolic in content and impressionistic in style. Biblical scenes continued to appear on sarcophagi. Painting and mosaics continued in the earlier styles and traditions. A new medium, the illustrated vellum book, appeared; in the Middle Ages this would become a major art form. The putti genre appeared, showing children at work or play in scenes usually associated with adults, such as harvesting grapes or planting. Architecture  After 313, Constantine promoted Christian architecture and art with the building of churches, basilicas, and baptisteries. Literature and Education St. Jerome (340-420) translated the Bible into Latin from Hebrew and Greek sources. St. Augustine (354-430) wrote Confessions and The City of God; the latter explained that Christians should focus on the coming of a divine kingdom on earth; in this book he also attacked Greco-Roman philosophies and religions. Eusebius (260-340) wrote A History of the Christian Church. Music, Science, and Mathematics St. Ambrose (340-397) wrote hymns; his hymns were probably intended to by sung antiphonally, with lines sung alternately between a leader and a chorus.. Government, Law,  and Medicine The new church began shoring up its power base by requiring strict adherence to doctrines of faith. Any deviations from these doctrines brought charges of heresy and later punishment. Philosophy/Religion Christianity tolerated until it was officially declared the religion of the empire in A.D. 395. The church was divided for centuries because of Arianism, which saw Jesus as similar in nature to God, as opposed to the official doctrine that was adopted at the Council of Nicaea that said Jesus' nature was the same as God. St. Augustine rejected free will and insisted on Original Sin.