Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily Romano-Germanic (476-843) Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Frankish self-rule (476-481) Merovingian rule (481-680) Carolingian rule (680-843) Arts What survives of the painting of this period is the illuminated manuscripts; these were influenced by the German practice of decorating small objects and the Classical tradition of fine metalwork. The result was illustrated books with beautifully jeweled covers, all handmade, usually by monks. Architecture The church founded many new monasteries in the West,  especially under the guidelines that had been laid down by St. Benedict (480-543). These were havens for the populace during invasions. Charlemagne gave support to the construction of palaces, churches, and chapels; most are in the Romanesque style, with some Byzantine influence. Literature and Education Boethius (480-524) was the most educated scholar in the Early Middle Ages; while in prison, he wrote Consolation of Philosophy.  Gregory of Tours (538-593) wrote History of the Franks. Bede (673-735) wrote History of the English Church and People, describing the missionary activities that led to the founding of the English church. Alcuin of York (735-804) came to Charlemagne's palace school in Aachen to pursue scholarship and teach Latin. Einhard (770-840) wrote the Vita Caroli (Life of Charlemagne). Hrotswitha, a canoness, wrote six plays in Latin modeled on those of Terence. Music, Science, and Mathematics Pope Gregory the Great (590-604) standardized the use of music in the service of worship, so that Gregorian chants became synonymous with the medieval church. Government, Law,  and Medicine Charlemagne instituted a fair judicial system for a brief time during his reign. Christianity strengthened its hold on society, especially under Pope Gregory the Great (590-604), who reformed the clergy. Feudalism evolved under the Franks and expanded under Charlemagne. Philosophy/Religion The Roman Catholic Church continued to strengthen its hold over society in the West.