Paleolithic Astronomy Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Paleolithic humans had scientific knowledge of lunar/solar calendar changes; markings suggesting this have been carbon-dated as far back as 22,000 years ago. Megalithic monuments such as Stonehenge in England, Newgrange in Ireland, Callanish in the Outer Hebrides, and many other sites are extremely old,  some over 5,000 years old, and are now acknowledged to have been astronomically aligned. Some are aligned with the sun, others with the moon, others with various planets, and some with several of these at the same time. Also, as noted above, many of the astronomical stone circles of prehistoric peoples are also in alignment with each other, arguing for a knowledge on the part of their builders about the energy lines of the earth itself. According to another authority, B. Cunliffe in Prehistoric Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), a shaped and engraved plaque made of bone found in southwest France has been shown to be an accurate lunar calculator; carbon dating of the artifact has demonstrated it is between 32,000 and 34,000 years old. Paleolithic Medicine Artifacts of early cultures indicate a sophisticated understanding of medical and surgical procedures, including dental surgery and trepanning of the skull as early as 10,000 years ago. Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily