The 18th Dynasty of Egypt (New Kingdom) Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein The following kings were the most illustrious in Egypt’s history and may have been the sources of many of the stories that followed their reigns. Though Ramses II—who many scholars think may have been the pharaoh of the Exodus—was of a later dynasty, it is entirely possible that Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) was that pharaoh, or as some maverick researchers think, that he was Moses himself. Ahmosis I (1570-1546 B.C.E.) Fought the Hyksos and pushed them into Gaza. Amenhotep I (1546-1526) Tuthmosis I (1525-1512) Original founder of the Egyptian empire stretching into northern Mesopotamia Tuthmosis II (c.1512-1504) Queen Hatshepsut was co-regent from 1503-1482 with Tuthmosis III (1482-1450) May have been the prototype for King David. Reconquered the lands between the Nile and the Euphrates, fighting against the Canaanite and Syrian princes. Amenhotep II (1450-1425) Yuya, who may have been the patriarch Joseph, may have served him briefly. Tuthmosis IV (1425-1417) Amenhotep III (1417-1379) May have been the prototype for King Solomon. Yuya served him as minister of state; Amenhotep III married his sister Sitamun, and then also married Yuya’s daughter Tiye. During his reign, a plague settled on Egypt. Amenhotep IV (1379-1362) Also known as Akhenaten. Moved the capital from Thebes to Amarna; may have served as the prototype for Moses and Oedipus; may have been forced out of office and required to take the plague victims into the desert. Smenkhare (c. 1364-1361) Tutankamen (1361-1352) Murdered—bludgeoned on the head. His tomb had the greatest treasure found in Egypt to date. Ay (1352-1348) Horemheb (1348-1320) Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily