The Gods and Goddesses of Greece, and the Greek Creation Saga Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein 8 - Prometheus as Trickster/Saviour/Scapegoat Prometheus (whose name means “forethought”) was a Titan who stole fire from the gods and gave it to man, and he also taught humans how to sacrifice to the gods, keeping the best of their sacrificial animals for themselves; these two tricks brought him into disfavor with Zeus.  Prometheus is an example of the archetypal roles of both the Trickster and the Scapegoat, about which we’ll have more later. We see parallels to Prometheus in the roles played out by Socrates and Jesus for their respective cultures. Partially with revenge in mind for the two tricks the Titan Prometheus had played on the gods, Zeus sent Prometheus’s brother Epimetheus (whose name means “afterthought”) a gift of the first woman, Pandora, who like Eve got blamed for causing all the evils humanity has had to suffer ever since. Along with the curious woman, Zeus sent a closed box and told Epimetheus not to open it. Naturally Epimetheus gave the box to Pandora and, of course, as Zeus had planned, she opened it out of curiosity. And out flew all the evils and plagues of earthly life—sorrow, disease, pestilence, war, etc. The only thing left in the box was hope. Prometheus himself was punished for his transgressions by being chained to a rock and having an eagle come daily to chew on his liver, which would grow back at night. Eventually Zeus and Prometheus reconciled, and Prometheus was allowed to go free as long as someone else was willing to take his place. The wise centaur Chiron volunteered to go to Hades in Prometheus’s place, and so ultimately he was set free. Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily