Greek Philosophers of the Classical Period Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Pre-Socratics—Sophists Protagoras Said "Man is the measure of all things." Socrates The psyche is immortal. Stimulate it with contemplation of abstract virtues and moral values. "Virtue is knowledge." A person who knows the truth will not commit evil deeds. Used what is now called the Socratic method—asking questions in dialogue. Plato Took up the pen upon the death of Socrates (described in Phaedo). Elaborated on the idea that the Ideal realm of Forms or Ideas is the psyche’s true home. The best training for young minds is the study of mathematics. Then come studies of higher abstract learning—Justice, Beauty, Love. Plato envisioned a perfect state (in The Republic), in which men and women would be educated equally and all laws would operate for the good of all. God was the "ultimate Idea". Aristotle Collected and collated all the knowledge of his day. Had the most comprehensive mind of the ancient world. God was the "First Cause," but could not be known. The proper study for mankind was human endeavor. Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily