Comparison of the Hellenic, Hellenistic, and Roman Periods Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Hellenic Period (ended in 323 B.C.) Emphasized perfectionism and idealism in art, architecture, sculpture, physical form. Subjects were gods and heroes, with perfect bodies. Was humanistic (focusing on human beings and what they could create) and classical. Governing system was the Greek city states. Hellenistic Period (323 to 148 B.C.) Because of Eastern influences, emphasized the exotic and erotic; used heightened emotion in art and sculpture. Subjects were often common, everyday people and animals, or mythical subjects that could evoke horror and heightened emotion. Governing system was run by the inheritors of Alexander the Great’s empire. Macedonia—Antigonid Persia—Seleucid Egypt—Ptolemaic Roman Period (148 B.C. to c. 400 A.D.) Architecture—the rounded arch Codified the laws Syncretized religion By contrast with their own culture, the Greeks found the Romans stodgy and boring. The Romans were family-values oriented, more militaristic, and more agrarian in their emphasis. But they outshone the Greeks in their building program, especially with use of the rounded arch and vaulting, with which they built viaducts, aqueducts, vaulted tunnels, and domed buildings. Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily