The Templars 1 - Historic and Speculative Highlights of the Templars A.D. 326—Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, identifies the Holy Sepulchre.  (She claims Joseph of Arimathea was a relative.) 679—Dagobert II (the last Merovingian king) is assassinated. 1060—Godefroi de Bouillon is born. 1090—St. Bernard of Clairvaux is born. 1095—At the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II preaches a crusade. 1098—The Cistercian order is founded in Citeaux. 1099—The First Crusade, led by Godefroi de Bouillon, captures Jerusalem; Godefroi is offered the crown of Jerusalem. 1100—Godefroi dies; his brother Baudouin accepts the crown of Jerusalem. 1113—St. Bernard joins the Cistercians, and so do 30 of his relatives. 1115—St. Bernard founds Clairvaux. 1118—The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon is founded in Jerusalem (by papal order obtained by Bernard of Clairveaux). Its leader is Hugh de Payen; Henri de St. Clair of Roslin, Scotland accompanies Hugh, who is married to Henri’s niece. 1120—It is alleged that the Templars may have found hidden scrolls and treasure under Herod’s Temple.  The Copper Scroll found at Qumran in 1947 is a map of such treasure and scrolls. 1127—A Templar group returns to France and announces to Bernard their “mission has been accomplished.” 1128—Bernard is made “protector” of the Templar order. 1130—A Gothic building program is begun in France, with 90 monasteries, many churches, and over 80 cathedrals being built. (Generally, the Templars are not credited with having been behind this building program, but evidence to support their involvement is amassing with more research.) 1136—The first Arthurean legend appears; it is Geoffrey of Monmouth’s version. 1292—Jacques de Molay is elected the last Grand Master of the Templars. 1306—All the Jews in France are arrested. 1307—The Templars are arrested (Friday 13, October) by Phillip the    Fair of France; trumped up charges claim heresy and the committing of “abominations,” such as the worship of idols. (The Templars were supposed to have worshiped a demon called “Baphomet”; applying the Atbash Code found in the Dead Sea Scrolls, scholar Hugh Schonfield has shown this name translates as “Sophia” or Wisdom).  Jacques de Molay is probably tortured and crucified and the Shroud of Turin is created from his wounds. 1314—19 March, Jacques de Molay is burned at the stake in Paris, along with his second in command, Geoffrey de Charney.  De Molay curses both Phillip and Pope Clement, who die within a few months. 1357—First recorded exposition of the Shroud of Turin, by Jeanne de Vergy, widow of Geoffrey’s grandson. 1440-1490—Building of the Chapel of Rosslyn, outside Roslin, Scotland by the Earls of Roslin, descendants of Henri de St. Clair. For more on the Knights Templars, see the following books: Haagensen, Erling, and Henry Lincoln. The Templars Secret Island. Gloustershire: Windrush Press, 2000. Partner, Peter. The Knights Templar and their Myth. Rochester, Vermont: Destiny Books, 1990. For more information on the probability that the Shroud of Turin was the result of the torture of Jacques De Molay, see the following book: Knight, Christopher, and Robert Lomas. The Second Messiah. London: Arrow Books, 1997. For more information on the building of cathedrals and other sacred sites, see the following: Caine, Mary. The Glastonbury Zodiac: Key to the Mysteries of Britain. Surry, England: 1978. Erlande-Brandenburg, Arlain. Cathedrals and Castles: Building in the Middle Ages. Rosemary Stonehewer, Translator. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1995. Henry-Claude, Michel, et al. Principles and Elements of Medieval Church Architecture in Western Europe. Beryl Degans, Translator. Tiralet, France: Les Editions Fragile, 2001. Mann, A.T.  Sacred Architecture.  Rockport, Massachusetts: Element Books, 1993. Miller, Hamish, and Paul Broadhurst. The Sun and the Serpent: An Investigation into Earth Energies. Cornwall: Pendragon Press, 1989. Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily