Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein There are many things I wish we’d had time to cover that must be left to your own research.  Two major pieces of the Western tradition that we have left virtually untouched are the Catholic Church’s Inquisition and the Protestant Reformation. (see Part 2, The Reformation and Counter-Reformation.)  The first, whatever its other motives, resulted in the burning of millions of Jews as heretics and others millions of female herbalists and midwives as witches over the course of approximately four centuries.  The second, though it really started with Martin Luther in Germany, received a major impetus during the English Renaissance from Henry VIII and Elizabeth I, resulting in both the establishment of the Anglican Church and the drive for religious freedom that eventually populated many parts of North America with Protestant colonies of various kinds. We have said very little about the Virgin Mary, who became the receptacle for the reverence for the Great Goddess of earlier ages.  We have touched on only a few of the other spiritual movements that appeared in Europe in the Middle Ages; many of the adherents of these movements were persecuted as heresies by the official religions of the various countries in which they appeared, or they went underground to appear in later times more receptive to their ideologies.  I hope you’ve come to realize in this brief survey of the ancient and medieval world that there are many things tying us to earlier peoples and cultures, just as there are many things that tie us to all our fellow humans living on the planet today.  The archetypal roles we all play out are just one set of similarities connecting us to each other. All our ancestors and all our brothers and sisters on planet Earth have sought answers to the perennial questions: “Who are we?” “Why are we here?”  “What does life mean?”  and “How should we live it?”  From a very pragmatic perspective, any answer to these questions that gives meaning and value to anyone’s life is valid for that person. And if you can live it from a perspective of unconditional love and respect for the opinions of others, you won’t go too far wrong, whatever your answer.