England—Anglicanism Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein   The Church of England was established by Henry VIII, who and encountered a conflict with the Roman Catholic Church when he wanted an annulment from his marriage to Kathryn of Aragon, his first wife, who was unable to give him a male heir to the throne. (She did produce a female offspring, who became the queen known as "Bloody Mary" because of her persecution of Protestants.) Henry ultimately broke his ties with the Roman Catholic Church and established the Church of England, declaring himself the "Defender of the Faith." Its doctrines and rituals are still remarkably similar to those of Roman Catholicism, but it doesn't profess allegiance to the Papacy. Henry went on to close the monasteries of England and confiscate all their property, so there were economic reasons behind his break with Rome as well. (And he didn't get an heir from his second marriage to Anne Boleyn, though she did give him the daughter that became Elizabeth I of England. Henry rid himself of Anne by trumping up charges of adultery and having her beheaded for treason. Henry went on to marry four more times: to Jane Seymour, who died in childbirth giving him his only legitimate son; to Anne of Cleaves, with whom he didn't get along and who agreed to an annulment; to Katherine Howard, who did commit adultery and whom he also beheaded; and to Katherine Parr, whom he probably infected with syphilis, but who did outlive him by a little period of time.) Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily