Germany—Lutheranism Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein   In 1517 Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses, which argued against the sale of indulgences and the sacraments of confession and penance, to the door of the church at Wittenberg. He was promptly excommunicated, but he was protected from execution by his patron, the ruler of Saxony, and so he continued his crusade. Luther believed religion needed to return to its biblical roots. He said salvation came, not from works, but from the grace of God and faith in Jesus' sacrificial death. Made with Xara Website by Susan Smily